A new important cultivation is represented by hazelnut implantations able to produce black truffle (“aestivum, “uncinato” and “melanosporum”). Cultivate black truffles is quite simple, is enough to individuate the suitable varieties and to find the right physicochemical conditions in the soil.
In the past, mostly truffle cultures were created thanks to the wild nut. Now, we are able to offer, thanks to a particular technique, plants of the Tonda Gentile and Giffoni varieties that product black truffle (“scorzone” and “nero pregiato”). There will be a production of hazelnut with higher quality in addition to a production of truffle.
The mycorrhization is obtained through the following phases: sterilization of the roots thank to a steam current at 120°C for 50 minutes, followed by a second step, after a cooling of 15 minutes. Then, each plant is inoculated with 5g of selected spores. The plants are obtained by a process that permit to have the same characteristics of the mother plant. The plants, then, are cultivated in the nursery for 9 months. In the beginning of November, they are controlled to verify the absence of contaminants.
The first results can be seen after five years from the implantation, isolated cases showed a truffle production after three years from the implantation. An increased request of the market should permit the development of the truffle cultivation with great economic results. Interesting are small implants in private gardens, in order to have the possibility to own two great excellence at home. The hazelnut plant, cultivated as an ornamental plant, is beautiful in the summer period as well as in winter, during the blooming.
We have a costumer service that can support all the steps of your project: our technician will be able to individuate the truffle species most suitable for your soil, to follow chemical analysis in a laboratory in Alba and to examine the final results. We can provide an economic prospectus on the basis of our experience.
The truffle cultivation with hazelnut has developed mostly in the center of Italy, in France and in Spain, but with the use of wild nut, then not for hazelnut with high quality. The idea of our project grow from a long and careful analysis of the Piedmont territory, rich in natural truffle growing. The purpose is to create hazelnut implantation of the Tonda Gentile variety that product hazelnut and black truffle.
Why use this combination?
1. The Tonda Gentile variety has an high affinity with the black truffle, witnesses the various natural productions. There are lots of hazelnut that product Moscato truffle (Brumale), Scorzone (Aestivum), most rare are the Nero Pregiato and Dolce Pregiato (Melanosporum) and Macrosporum.
2. The possibility to improve the income of hazelnut, with truffles.
3. To add value to marginal areas.
4. Create small familiar implants.
The essential conditions are:
- The presence of a specific environmental conditions both for hazelnut, and truffle as, weather, soil and sun exposition.
- Plants correctly mycorrhized.
- Right management of the implantation.
Obtain hazelnut plants suitable to be implanted in other types of soil (such as home gardens) has not been easy: to reach this aim have been used particular reproduction methods in a laboratory, in order to ensure a good quality truffles and hazelnuts. Plants are obtained using material (plants and truffles genetics) from the Langhe region.
Some experiences in the area, are showing excellent results at the fifth year.
The technical part has been followed by the professor Edmondo Bonelli, specialized in truffle growing, with the supervision of the professor Mario Palanzona, who is considered one of the most important specialist of truffle growing in Italy and Europe.
- Tonda Gentile variety, with black truffle (Aestivum and Melanosporum);
- Tonda Romana and Tonda di Giffoni varieties, with black truffle (Aestivum and Melanosporum), limited availability.
Technical consultation and soil analysis is edited by professor Bonelli. We can provide an economic prospectus with related profitability. For implants of a certain number of plants, the reservation is needed.